WORLD LANGUAGES

Students learn to communicate in a language other than English and understand the perspectives of its cultures. Since the program is designed to build language proficiency through a sequence of courses, we strongly encourage students to complete as many years of a language sequence as possible and to take the opportunity to study more than one language. Princeton High School offers sequential study in French, Japanese, Italian, Latin, Mandarin, and Spanish. Level I courses are open to all students in grade 9 who have had no previous experience with the language. The Supervisor of the World Language Department may approve enrollment in Level I courses for 10th and 11th grade students based on class numbers. Placement in level II and above is dependent on your grade and the recommendation of the previous year’s teacher. Students who have completed one or more years of study prior to enrollment at PHS are placed by the teacher after a multi-modal evaluation is completed. Students wishing to study a language with which they have extensive experience in an immersion setting or of which they are a native or heritage speaker must be evaluated to determine appropriate placement. All students new to Princeton High School will have a placement evaluation prior to registering for a language course. The department supervisor determines final placement based on the results of the evaluation. No student will enroll in a course other than the one for which they were recommended. Since the level of language proficiency gained depends on the time spent in meaningful communication, teachers provide instruction in the target language. They support students in their efforts to use the language actively, and they evaluate them based on performance and production as well as paper and pencil assessments. Continuing language study at Princeton University is an option for some students. Plan ahead by checking requirements with Guidance and the department supervisor. This opportunity is available to 11th and 12th graders who meet all the criteria set by the University. This may include the necessity of taking a language course at PHS concurrently while studying at the University.


FRENCH II: H54000

Grades: 9-12
5.0 Credits
Year
Prerequisite: Recommendation of middle school teacher or previous experience with the language. Students entering this class will demonstrate proficiency at the novice mid level of the ACTFL proficiency guidelines. The target proficiency is novice high.

This course is an immersion experience and is conducted entirely in French. It is a student-centered class, students are expected to participate and lead as much as possible. The class is divided into thematic units anchored on authentic texts and major evaluations are in the form of integrated performance assessments.


FRENCH III: H54001

Grades: 9-12
5.0 Credits
Year
Prerequisite: PHS French II` or recommendation of the middle school teacher. Students entering this class will demonstrate proficiency at the novice mid level of the ACTFL proficiency guidelines. The target proficiency is novice high to intermediate low.

This course is an immersion experience and is conducted entirely in French. It is a student-centered class, students are expected to participate and lead as much as possible. The class is divided into thematic units anchored on authentic texts and major evaluations are in the form of integrated performance assessments.


ADVANCED FRENCH III: H54002

Grades: 9-12
5.0 credits
Year
Prerequisites: Middle School French 3, and the teacher’s recommendation Students entering this class will demonstrate proficiency at the intermediate low level of the ACTFL proficiency guidelines. The target proficiency is intermediate mid.

This course is an immersion experience and is conducted entirely in French. It is a student-centered class, students are expected to participate and lead as much as possible. The class is divided into thematic units anchored on authentic texts and major evaluations are in the form of integrated performance assessments.


FRENCH IV: H54003

Grades: 10-12
5.0 Credits
Year
Prerequisite: French III. Students entering this class will demonstrate proficiency at the novice high to intermediate low level of the ACTFL proficiency guidelines. The target proficiency is intermediate low.

This course is an immersion experience and is conducted entirely in French. It is a studentcentered class, students are expected to participate and lead as much as possible. The class is divided into thematic units anchored on authentic texts and major evaluations are in the form of integrated performance assessments.


ADVANCED FRENCH IV: H54004

Grades: 9-12
5.0 Credits
Year
Prerequisite: Advanced French III.

This course continues to build from the Intermediate Mid language proficiency level in the three modes, Interpretive, Interpersonal,  Presentational. The course, which is based on performance based assessment, is structured on a study of thematic units and based on a reading of authentic texts. Transdisciplinary studies, critical thinking and problem solving skills are emphasized. The course is conducted entirely in French.


FRENCH V: H54005

Grades: 11-12
5.0 Credits
Year
Prerequisite: French IV.

This course continues to strengthen proficiency in the language. The target proficiency level for speaking is Intermediate Low. The course is conducted entirely in French and major evaluations are in the form of integrated performance assessments.


ADVANCED FRENCH V: H54006

Grades: 9-12
5.0 Credits
Year
Prerequisite: Advanced French IV.

Historical, cultural, and literary texts serve as subjects for interpretation and discussion. Students apply their language skills in extensive oral and written expression. The class is divided into thematic units anchored in authentic texts and major evaluations are in the form of integrated performance assessments. This course prepares students for the AP and VIA (Cinema) French courses. Students entering this class will demonstrate proficiency at the Intermediate Mid Level. This course is student centered and conducted entirely in French.


FRENCH VI: H54008

Grades: 12
5.0 Credits
Year
Prerequisite: French V.
This course continues to strengthen proficiency in the language. The target proficiency level for speaking is Intermediate Low. The course is conducted entirely in French and major evaluations are in the form of integrated performance assessments.


FRENCH VI A LE CINÉMA FRANCOPHONE: H54007

Grades: 11-12
5.0 Credits
Year
Prerequisite: French AP or French VA.

This seminar course centers on a variety of French language films that represent different genres. Students will view, discuss and critique many films, will relate them to culture and will place them in their social-historical context. Students will leave this class with a demonstrated proficiency at the Pre advanced level. The target proficiency level is Advanced Low. This course is student-centered and conducted entirely in French. The class is divided into thematic units anchored in authentic texts and major evaluations are in the form of integrated performance assessments. Successful completion of this class fulfills 5 credits of the Visual & Performing Arts requirement.


AP FRENCH: H54009

Grades: 10-12
5.0 Credits
Year
Prerequisite: Advanced French V.

Students who take this course apply their French to the discussion of French history, culture, and contemporary life as well as to the interpretation of literature. Students enter at the Intermediate Mid level. The course is designed to prepare students for the AP French Language exam.


ITALIAN I: H54021

Grades: 9-11
5.0 Credits
Year
Prerequisite: None

This course develops the language skills through a series of related activities. It focuses on the fundamentals of pronunciation, vocabulary, idiomatic expression, and grammar incorporated in basic conversation and writing and fosters an awareness of the global influence of the Italian community. Culture is an integral part of the curriculum. The targeted proficiency level is Novice High. Emphasis is on communication entirely in Italian.


ITALIAN II: H54022

Grades: 9-12
5.0 Credits
Year
Prerequisite: Italian I
This course builds on previously developed concepts and continues to develop linguistic and cultural proficiency, including the nuances of grammatical constructions, pronunciation, vocabulary and idiomatic expressions. Emphasis in this immersion course is always on communication in Italian with the targeted proficiency level of Intermediate Low.


ITALIAN III: H54023

Grades: 9-12
5.0 Credits
Year
Prerequisite: Italian II

This course provides continued enhancement of the language skills, stressing the nuances of grammatical construction, pronunciation, vocabulary, and idiomatic expression in sustained oral and written communication. Students explore the interrelation of themes, concepts, sentiments, and styles of representative authors of Italian literature and of those dealing with the Italian-American experience. The targeted proficiency level is Intermediate Mid.


ITALIAN IV: H54024

Grade: 9-12
5.0 Credits
Year
Prerequisite: Italian III

Continuing to build from the Intermediate Mid language proficiency level in the three modes, Interpretive, Interpersonal, Presentational, this course strengthens proficiency in the language skills through the reinforcement of vocabulary, idiomatic expressions, and grammatical constructions. Critical thinking skills and fluency of expression are fostered through the interpretation of themes, concepts, sentiments, and styles of authors of Italy.


AP ITALIAN: H54025

Grades: 10-12
5.0 Credits
Year
Prerequisite: Italian III or IV and recommendation of the teacher and/or department supervisor.

Students in AP Italian will increase their skill level in Italian language through directed and open conversation, selected readings from the AP syllabus and the completion of various interpretive tasks based on authentic texts and spoken passages. This course continues to build from the Intermediate Mid language proficiency level in the three modes: Interpretive, Interpersonal, and Presentational.


JAPANESE I: H54030

Grades: 9-11
5.0 Credits
Year
Prerequisite: None

Through a series of related activities, this course develops communication skills in Japanese. Emphasis is on oral work, but students also learn to read and write in Hiragana, Katakana, and Kanji. Japanese culture is integrated into the lessons. The targeted proficiency level is Novice Mid.


JAPANESE II: H54031

Grades: 9-12
5.0 Credits
Year
Prerequisite: Japanese I

This course is a continuation of Japanese I. Using a variety of integrated activities, students are provided with the opportunity to continue developing their skills in listening, speaking, reading, and writing in Japanese. Students are expected to read and write Hiragana and Katakana. Japanese culture is integrated into the lessons. Class is conducted in target language. Proficiency to enroll in this course is at the Novice-Mid level. The target proficiency level is Novice-High.


JAPANESE III: H54032

Grades: 9-12
5.0 Credits
Year
Prerequisite: Japanese II

This course strengthens previously mastered concepts and continues and expands the development of proficiency in the language skills. Japanese culture remains an integral part of the curriculum. . Class is conducted in target language. Proficiency to enroll this course is at the Novice High level. The target proficiency level is Intermediate-Low.


JAPANESE IV: H54033

Grades: 9-12
5.0 Credits
Year
Prerequisite: Japanese III

This course strengthens proficiency in language and culture through the application of vocabulary, idiomatic expressions, and structures. Group dynamics are studied and applied as a vehicle for learning about Japanese culture. Independent reading includes short stories and essays. Independent reading and writing includes short stories and essays. Class is conducted in target language. Depending on enrollment, this course may be linked with AP Japanese. Proficiency to enroll this course is at the Intermediate-Low level. The target proficiency level is Intermediate-Mid. Depending on enrollment, this course may be linked with Japanese AP.


AP JAPANESE: H54034

Grades: 9-12
5.0 Credits
Year
Prerequisite: Japanese III or IV and recommendation of the teacher and/or department supervisor

Students in AP Japanese will increase their skill level in Japanese language through directed and open conversation, selected readings from the AP syllabus and the completion of various interpretive tasks based on authentic texts and spoken passages. This course continues to build from the Intermediate Mid language proficiency level in the three modes, Interpretive, Interpersonal, Presentational.


LATIN I: H54040

Grades: 9-12
5.0 Credits
Year
Prerequisite: None

This course introduces the fundamentals of Latin vocabulary and grammar and, by association, English grammar and derivatives. Greek and Roman mythology, history, art, and culture form the basis of readings, discussions, and student projects.


LATIN II: H54041

Grades: 9-12
5.0 Credits
Year
Prerequisite: Latin I

This course continues the development of Latin vocabulary, grammar, and translation techniques. Greek and Roman mythology, history, culture, and vocabulary etymology are stressed through readings, discussions, and individual projects.


LATIN III: H54042

Grades: 9-12
5.0 Credits
Year
Prerequisite: Latin II

This course strengthens translation skills through readings of Latin literature, beginning with Plautus and continuing through the Republic. Students are introduced to the politics and history of the Republic through selections from Cicero, Caesar, Catullus, and Ovid.


LATIN IV: H54043

Grades: 9-12
5.0 Credits
Year
Prerequisite: Latin III

This course continues the reading and translation objectives of Latin III through expanded readings in Latin literature. Students study the politics and history of the Roman Empire through readings from Horace, Virgil, Ovid, and Martial. Silver and Medieval Latin may also be read.


MANDARIN I: H54050

Grades: 9-11
5.0 Credits
Year
Prerequisite: None

In this beginning Mandarin language course, students will learn the pinyin transcription system for Chinese pronunciation. They will begin to recognize, read, and write Mandarin characters and use basic grammar and structure. Culture is an integral part of the curriculum. Taught exclusively in Mandarin with an emphasis on oral communication, the target proficiency level is Novice High. This course is only for beginners and non-native speakers.


MANDARIN II: H54051

Grades: 9-12
5.0 Credits
Year
Prerequisite: Mandarin I or significant previous experience with the language

Students will develop proficiency in the three modes of communication: Interpretative, Interpersonal, and Presentational. They will use combinations of words and phrases, sentences and strings of sentences to develop written and oral communication. Culture remains an integral part of the curriculum. The course is taught exclusively in Mandarin with a target proficiency level of Intermediate Low.


MANDARIN III: H54052

Grades: 9-12
5.0 Credits
Year
Prerequisite: Mandarin II

Students’ use of grammatical structures and vocabulary will become more complex, expanding speaking, listening, reading, and writing skills. They will continue to increase proficiency in the three modes of communication, moving from sentences to paragraphs. Cultural appreciation is a backdrop to the general curriculum. Exclusively taught in Mandarin, the target proficiency level is Intermediate Mid.


MANDARIN IV: H54053

Grades: 9-12
5.0 Credits
Year
Prerequisite: Mandarin III

This course will reinforce and supplement students’ oral and written language skills. Students will be able to make presentations, write essays about real-life scenarios, and keep journals. They continue to learn basic idioms, and to use authentic materials. Students continue to increase proficiency in the three modes with culture an integral part of the instruction. The course is taught exclusively in Mandarin and the target proficiency level is Intermediate High.


AP MANDARIN: H54054

Grades: 9-12
5.0 Credits
Year
Prerequisite: Mandarin III or IV and/or teacher recommendation

Students will use the three modes of communication to strengthen their proficiency in reading, comprehension, listening, speaking, and writing with greater emphasis on grammar, syntax, and idioms. This course promotes an appreciation of Chinese society and culture, both historic and current day. The course is taught exclusively in Mandarin and the target proficiency level is Intermediate High.


EAST ASIAN STUDIES: H52055

Grades: 10-12
2.5 Credits
Sem
Prerequisite: Proficiency in Mandarin, Japanese, or Korean or Instructor/Supervisor approval

This seminar course will offer a survey of the history, art, literature, political and economic aspects of the East Asia region comprising China, Japan, and Korea. The teacher and students will use primary sources both in the original language and translated to English to investigate the history of the region and its present day role in the world. The use of technology, from researching examples of art to finding current articles, will be integral to the course.


SPANISH I: H54010

Grades: 9 - 11
5.0 Credits
Year
Prerequisite: None

This course is only for beginners and non native speakers. Students who have had no prior knowledge of Spanish learn to communicate effectively, both orally and in writing, and develop an understanding of the culture of Spanish-speaking people in different regions of the world. Students write short paragraphs and engage in conversation on a regular basis. The class is student centered and entirely conducted in the target the language using thematic units. The ACTFL proficiency level at the end of the year should be Novice-Mid.


SPANISH II: H54011

Grades: 9-12
5.0 Credits
Year
Prerequisite: PHS Spanish I or recommendation of the middle school teacher

This course continues the development of proficiency in Spanish. Pronunciation, vocabulary, idiom and grammar are expanded to support oral and written communication and reading comprehension. Latin American culture is integrated in the course. Students write short paragraphs and engage in conversation on a regular basis. The class is student centered and entirely conducted in the target the language using thematic units. The targeted ACTFL proficiency level at the end of the year is NoviceHigh.


SPANISH III: H54012

Grades: 9-12
5.0 Credits
Year
Prerequisites: PHS Spanish II or recommendation of the middle school teacher

This course develops language proficiency in expanded, sustained oral and written communication. Contemporary authors of Spain and Latin America are introduced through journals, periodicals, and cultural and literary texts. Students write short paragraphs and engage in conversation on a regular basis. The class is student centered and entirely conducted in the target the language using thematic units. Students communicate at the Novice-High level.


ADVANCED SPANISH III: H54013

Grades: 9-12
5.0 Credits
Year
Prerequisites: Middle School Spanish 3 at the Intermediate-Low level

This course continues the development of proficiency reached in middle school Spanish classes. Students are expected to apply their language skills to sustained oral and written communication about past, present, and future events. Contributions of Hispanic and Latino communities are integrated into the lessons. The class is student centered and entirely conducted in Spanish using thematic units. The targeted proficiency level is Intermediate-Mid and students enter at the Intermediate-Low level.


SPANISH IV: H54014

Grades: 10-12
5.0 Credits
Year
Prerequisites: Spanish III

Students work to increase fluency and comprehension of the language. They interpret the practices, products, and perspectives of Spanish-speaking cultures. Vocabulary, use of idioms, and grammatical constructions are expanded and reinforced. Students who have successfully completed Spanish III A may not register for this class. The class is student centered and entirely conducted in the target the language using thematic units. Students communicate in the Novice-High to Intermediate-Low level.


ADVANCED SPANISH IV: H54015

Grades: 9-12
5.0 Credits
Year
Prerequisite: Advanced Spanish III with a B or better

Students continue to apply the nuances of vocabulary, idiomatic expression, and grammatical constructions in expanded, sustained oral and written communication. The class is student centered and entirely conducted in the target the language using thematic units focusing on Perú, history, geography and eco-regions with performance based evaluations. The targeted proficiency level is Intermediate-High and students enter at the Intermediate-Mid level.


SPANISH V: H54016

Grades: 11-12
5.0 Credits
Year
Prerequisite: Spanish IV

This is a continuation of Spanish IV. Students who have successfully completed Spanish IV A may NOT register for this class. Students write short paragraphs and engage in conversation on a regular basis. The class is student centered and entirely conducted in the target the language using thematic units. Students continue to increase proficiency and to reach the Intermediate-Low level.


SPANISH VI: H54018

Grade: 12
5.0 Credits
Year
Prerequisite: Spanish V

Students continue to apply vocabulary, idiomatic expression, and grammatical constructions in expanded, oral and written communication. Contemporary authors of Spain and Latin America are introduced through cultural and literary texts. Students write short paragraphs and engage in conversation on a regular basis. The class is student centered and entirely conducted in the target the language using thematic units. Students communicate in the Intermediate-Low level.


ADVANCED SPANISH V: H54017

Grades: 9-12
5.0 Credits
Year
Prerequisites: Advanced Spanish IV with a B or better Cultural and literary texts serve as subjects for interpretation and discussion.

Students will apply their language skills in extensive oral and written expression. This course will prepare students for the AP Spanish course, the cinema course and, in some cases for the AP exam. The class is student centered and entirely conducted in the target the language using thematic units. Students continue to increase communication at the Intermediate-High level.


AP SPANISH: H54020

Grades: 9-12
5.0 Credits
Year
Prerequisite: Advanced Spanish V with a B or better or Advanced Spanish IV and recommendation of the IVA and AP teachers

Students apply their Spanish to the discussion of Spanish history, culture, and contemporary life as well as to the interpretation of literature. Students prepare compositions as well as oral presentations. The course is designed to prepare students for the AP Spanish Language exam. The class is student centered and entirely conducted in the target the language. The targeted proficiency level is Pre-Advanced and students enter at the Intermediate-High level.


SPANISH VI A - EL CINE HISPANOHABLANTE: H54019


Grades: 11-12
5.0 Credits
Year
Prerequisite: Spanish AP or Spanish VA with a B or better

This seminar course centers on a variety of Spanish language films that represent different genres. Students will view, discuss and critique many films, will relate them to culture and will place them in their social-historical context of Latin America. Additionally, they will learn about the filmmakers and cinematographic trends. The class is student centered and entirely conducted in the target the language using thematic units. The targeted proficiency level is Pre-Advanced and students enter at the Intermediate-High level. Students at this level can opt to take the AP Spanish exam with previous teacher recommendation. Successful completion of this class fulfills 5 credits of the Visual & Performing Arts requirement.